Cardiac Heart Monitor, Electrocardiogram (EKG, ECG), and Echocardiogram (ECHO, TTE) for Preemies

Cardiac means near, around, or part of the heart and "cardiac" comes from the Greek word "cardio" meaning regarding one's heart.

A "Cardiac Monitor" is really a special monitor created specifically to count, display, please remember how frequent the premature baby's heart is beating as well as the baby's breathing patterns. Whenever a premature baby's heart rate drops below 100 beats per minute or raises above 200 beats per minute a security will sound alerting the concern givers with the problem. The care givers are able to view the premature baby's breathing and heart all the time whilst the monitor keeps track of perhaps the smallest changes.

The cardiac monitor resembles a Television screen with leads and electrodes coming out of the device and connecting on the premature baby. The leads seem like cables or wires from the machine and fastening on the electrodes, and also the electrodes appear to be patches mounted on your premature baby's skin. The screen graphs the gathered information inside a wave-graph form using the vertical height of the waves showing the volt strength of each and every beat, as well as the horizontal width of the waves showing time passing in between each beat.

One form of cardiac monitoring is an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) which is used to detect problems with the heart including skipped heartbeats, heart damage, vitamin, mineral & electrolyte imbalances, and overall health conditions from the heart. The electrocardiogram takes information from an electrocardiograph monitoring the patient, is really a graphic interpretation in the information, and prints out your information for easier reading and interpretation.


Another kind of cardiac monitoring is a transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE), an ultrasound of the heart. An echocardiogram (ECHO) takes pictures of one's heart, and is a great diagnostic tool for doctors to quickly assess many cardiovascular disease without invasive procedures. This machine monitors one's heart valves, strength of heart muscle contractions, cardiac tissue, the flow of blood, and how quickly the blood is flowing over the heart.

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