Cardiac Heart Monitoring, Electrocardiogram (EKG, ECG), and Echocardiogram (ECHO, TTE) for Preemies

Cardiac means near, around, or the main heart and "cardiac" originates from the Greek word "cardio" meaning regarding the heart.

A "Cardiac Monitor" can be a special monitor created to count, display, please remember frequent the premature baby's heart is beating plus the baby's breathing patterns. Each time a premature baby's heartrate drops below 100 beats per minute or raises above 200 beats per minute a security will sound alerting the care givers from the problem. The concern givers can easily view the premature baby's breathing and heart all the time while the monitor tracks even smallest changes.

The cardiac monitor resembles a TV screen with leads and electrodes taken from the machine and connecting towards the premature baby. The leads seem like cables or wires coming from the machine and fastening to the electrodes, along with the electrodes look like patches that come with your premature baby's skin. The screen graphs the gathered information inside a wave-graph form with all the vertical height from the waves showing the volt strength of each beat, along with the horizontal width from the waves showing the time passing between each beat.

One type of cardiac monitoring can be an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) which is used to detect problems from the heart including skipped heartbeats, heart damage, vitamin, mineral & electrolyte imbalances, and general health conditions in the heart. The electrocardiogram takes information from an electrocardiograph monitoring the sufferer, produces a graphic interpretation of the information, and prints your information for easier reading and interpretation.


A different type of cardiac monitoring is often a transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE), an ultrasound with the heart. An echocardiogram (ECHO) takes photos of the guts, and is an excellent diagnostic tool for doctors to quickly assess many cardiovascular disease without invasive procedures. This machine monitors the heart valves, strength of heart muscle contractions, cardiac tissue, blood flow, and how quickly the blood is flowing with the heart.

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